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March 11th, 2009

All female Black Army unit honored

The 6888th Central Postal Directory Battalion was the only all African-American female Army unit to serve in Europe in World War II. They were honored with Army Freedom Team Salute Commendations. At 101 years old, Alyce Dixon is the oldest surviving member of the unit. Pictured are Alyce Dixon, Mary Crawford Ragland, and Gladys Schuster Carter.

Alyce Dixon is 101 years old but you would never know it if you had the opportunity to sit down and talk to her. Last week Dixon, Gladys Schuster Carter, and Mary Crawford Ragland, all members of the 6888th Central Postal Directory Battalion, were honored by the U.S. Army’s Freedom Team Salute program during a ceremony at the Women in Military Service for America Memorial at Arlington National Cemetery. Dixon is the oldest surviving member of the Battalion.

The 6888th Central Postal Directory Battalion was the only all female African-American Army unit to deploy to Europe during World War II. The unit was composed of approximately 850 members of the Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (WACs). They were tasked with sorting and distributing letters and packages to over 7 million Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Red Cross and civilian personnel all over Europe.

"I felt like I was doing something worthwhile for my country when I was in the Army with the 6888th in Europe," said Dixon. "We had to find the Soldiers, and their units and route the mail to them. I enjoyed the Army and I met a lot of nice people when I served overseas. The Army taught me discipline and to stop and think before making a decision."

Dixon said the Battalion’s trip from the United States to Europe was very stressful because the boat they were on was sometimes followed by German submarines. She said to avoid contact with the submarines, the boat had to make various diversionary turns which caused pots, pans and other objects to fall to the floor.

Major Charity Adams, who later was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel and became the highest ranking African-American female officer in the military, was the commander of the 6888th, and arrived with the unit in Birmingham, England in February, 1945. After completing their assignment in England, she and her unit were sent to Rouen, France and later to Paris. A few months after World War II ended, the unit was sent back to the United States.

"They sent us to Ft. Dix New Jersey, gave us our discharge papers, and sent us home," said Mary Crawford Ragland, the clerk of the 6888th, who joined the Army at the age of 17 after finishing high school. "There were no parades, no welcomes, no nothing."

"Honoring the women of the 6888th Central Postal Directory Battalion with Commendations is long overdue," said the Army’s Colonel David Griffith, Director of Freedom Team Salute. "These were strong women who faced prejudice in the United States but still managed to complete their mission, putting their Country ahead of their own trials. They did not have the luxury of working with automation equipment to help them organize, sort and distribute the millions of letters and packages that had accumulated in airplane hangars and other places in Europe. They are a true American story that needs to be told."

The Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps (WACs) 6888th Central Postal Directory Battalion was a World War II unit. Composed of approximately 850 African American women, the unit was formed in the days when the U.S. Armed Services was segregated. They were the only black women to serve with the U.S. military overseas during World War II. The group was charged with handling military mail, and was based at a boarding school in Birmingham, England.

"For the morale of Soldiers in war time, only one thing counts more than somewhere to sleep or something to eat," said Freedom Team Salute’s Colonel Griffith. "That one thing is mail from home – holiday greetings, photographs, regular letters, and packages filled with items from relatives and friends. The Battalion broke all records for redistribution of mail to front line troops in the European theatre."

Freedom Team Salute was established in 2005 by the Army Chief of Staff and the Secretary of the Army, which gives the public the opportunity to thank all U.S. Army Veterans for their service by recognizing them with Commendations. The program also honors and recognizes the Parents, Spouses, Employers, and Supporters of Active Duty, Army Reserve, and National Guard Soldiers. The Commendations consist of a personalized letter and certificate signed by Pete Geren, the Secretary of the Army and General George W. Casey Jr., the Army Chief of Staff. Honorees also receive lapel pins and "The Salute", a quarterly newsletter that contains information of interest to the Army family. Freedom Team Salute has honored over 1.9 million Army Veterans, Spouses, Parents, Supporters, and Employers since its launch.

To learn more about Freedom Team Salute and to honor a Veteran or Army Supporter, go to

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Reader Response
  • Jennifer Osborne
  • December 8th, 2011 October 18, 2011
    Dear Alyce Dixon, Mary Crawford Ragland, and Gladys Schuster Carter:
    My name is Jennifer Osborne and I'm a middle school student at Singapore American School. I'm participating in the National History Day competition. It is a contest for student interested in learning more about history. I'm writing to you because I read the post about the 6888th being honored. I wanted to ask you a few questions to help me understand my topic, the 6888th central postal directory battalion, better.
    1. How was the 6888th central postal directory battalion revolutionary?

    2. How did the 6888th central postal directory battalion cause a reaction? (What was the reaction of African American women in the army?)

    3. How did the 6888th make people reform?

    4. What was the effect of African American women in the army?

    5. How was the 6888th a turning point in history?

    6. How did the 6888th central postal directory battalion impact present history? the future?

    7. What has changed since WWII?

    8. What has remained the same since WWII?

    I recognize that you are a very busy person. However, your input is very valuable to my project (our team's project) and we eagerly await your response.

    Jennifer Osborne & Cameron Elms

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